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Safety and Prevention

More than 350 children under the age of five drown in pools each year nationwide.
2,600 children are treated in hospital emergency rooms each year for near-drowning incidents. Some of these submersion accidents result in permanent brain damage.

Most were being watched by their parents at the time of the accidents.
    A child can drown in and have a result of severe brain damage or even death in less then 3 minutes. If your child is out of your sight long enough to color on a wall they are out of your sight long enough to drown.
Drowning is a silent killer. Victims may not be able to call for help because they are expending all of their energy trying to breathe or keep their head above water. Victims of drowning usually do not thrash in the water, panic sinks in and the child becomes paralyzed by fear. Most victims are found floating or submerged in the water. The brain stops functioning within just a few minutes without oxygen, and permanent brain damage occurs if there is no oxygen for more than 3 to 5 minutes.
Children ages 1-5 years old are more at risk to have a drowning or near drowning accident. If your child is out of your sight long enough to color on a wall they are out of your sight long enough to drown.
Teenagers and Adults have drowning and near drowning accidents usually caused by
Alcohol consumption, not following rules and the inability to swim.


Safety Tips to help prevent accidents

Keep toilet lids closed and use toilet seat locks. Keep doors to bathrooms and laundry rooms closed.
Swimming pools are the leading cause of drowning and near drowning accidents. Make sure your pool has a four-sided fence that is at least 4 feet high, self-closing and self-latching gate. Also have door alarms, water disturbance alarms or child immersion alarms to let you know if your child wanders out to the pool area unsupervised.
Teach kids and teenagers never to go near or in water without a friend or an adult present. Remember that things such as water wings, noodles and other items can create a false sense of security for children and should not be used in place of life jackets or supervision.
Stay alert at public pools. Don’t assume someone else is watching your children. Life guards are not babysitters.
Learn CPR and never leave older children to watch a younger child around water.
Make sure your home pool or has a proper drain cover or shut-off function to prevent long hair, loose clothing or body parts from getting trapped. Be sure a self standing spa is properly covered and locked.
Empty all tubs, buckets, inflatable and portable pools immediately after use. Store them upside down and out of children’s reach. Enroll your children in swimming lessons as soon as possible.

http://www.healthychildren.org

http://www.safekids.org/watersafety

http://www.dds.ca.gov/Drowning/Index.cfm